Definición de E-Learning. Una discusión en Wikipedia

22 feb. 2009


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El que revise en la Wikipedia en Español la definición de E-Learning (http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-learning) encontrará una advertencia:
Existen desacuerdos sobre la neutralidad en el punto de vista de la versión actual de este artículo o sección.
En la página de discusión puedes consultar el debate al respecto.
En la Wikipedia en inglés no existe esta discusión (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-learning), tampoco en alemán (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-learning), en Francés, si aparece una advertencia en cuanto a que no se consideraron suficientes fuentes (http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-learning). Los italianos no discrepan en cuanto al término (http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-learning), ni tampoco los rusos (http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-learning).
Confieso que al leer la discusión correspondiente en la versión en español, me asustó que estuviéramos discutiendo un término, que aunque no tenga una traducción al español, es un anglicismo reconocido en todos los idiomas. Mas aun que estuviéramos llevando una definición a un terreno de debate que puede llevarnos a no precisar con claridad un conjunto de términos que necesariamente están naciendo en esta Sociedad de la Información y que el mismo desarrollo ira precisando. Yo hasta ahora había manejado el término e intentado una definición en mis clases, pero esta claro que existen muchas definiciones de e-learning.
La revisión de las definiciones en Internet en idioma inglés revela un amplio abanico de enfoques:
  1. learning conducted via electronic media, especially via the Internet. [http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/e-learning]
  2. Term covering a wide set of applications and processes, such as Web-based learning, computer-based learning, virtual classrooms, and digital . [http://www.usnews.com/articles/education/e-learning/2008/01/10/elearn-glossary.html]
  3. Any learning that utilizes a network (LAN, WAN or Internet) for delivery, interaction, or facilitation. This would include distributed learning , distance learning (other than pure correspondence ), CBT delivered over a network, and WBT [http://www.delmar.edu/distancelearning/student_success/glossary/glossary-d-f.htm]
  4. (E-Learning) is naturally suited to distance learning and flexible learning, but can also be used in conjunction with face-to-face teaching, in which case the term Blended learning is commonly used. [http://www.tutorgig.com/ed/Computer_assisted_instruction]
  5. Learning that is done via a computer. [http://www.fastfind.com/Education/EduGlossary.aspx]
  6. The delivery of content via all electronic media, including the internet, intranets, extranets, satellite, broadcast, video, interactive TV, and .....[http://www.waveproject.com/glossary/glossary.html/english/e/]
  7. Education offered using electronic delivery methods such as CD-ROMs, video conferencing, websites and e-mail. [http://www.mba.hobsons.com/glossary.jsp]
  8. Learning that is facilitated by the use of digital tools and content. Typically, it involves some form of interactivity, which may include online interaction between the learner and their teacher or peers. [http://www.digitalstrategy.govt.nz/Resources/Glossary-of-Key-Terms/]
  9. A term often used to describe an educational program that uses technology such as computers or the Internet. [http://www.eng.wayne.edu/page.php]
  10. A software application that allows people to create their own e-learning courseware. B Blended learning (Hybrid eLearning): The optimal learning path for true transfer of information and knowledge acquisition as defined by the content designer or developer. [http://www.eng.wayne.edu/page.php]
  11. Any technologically mediated learning using computers whether from a distance or in face to face classroom setting (computer assisted learning). [http://www.usd.edu/library/instruction/glossary.shtml]
  12. A process that facilitates education using a network (Internet, LAN or WAN). [http://www.onlinedegreezone.com/distance-learning_terms.php]
  13. Learning activities based on any electronic format. [http://www.teach-nology.com/glossary/terms/e/]
  14. As a component of flexible learning, e-learning involves the application of electronic çedia in the delivery of flexible vocational education and ...[http://www.flexiblelearning.net.au/aboutus/jargonbuster.htm]
  15. E-learning is a general term that relates to all training that is delivered with the assistance of a computer. Delivery of e-learning can be via CD, the Internet, or shared files on a network. ..[http://www.thecatalyst.org/resource/2006/04/21/E-learning-glossary/]
  16. Gaining popularity in the early 2000s, the term e-learning refers to any electronically assisted instruction, but is most often associated with ...[http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/1917/Distance-Learning-in-Higher-Education.html]
  17. E-Learning is the learning process created by interaction with digitally delivered content, services and support. [http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/portal/page/portallive/24EA98FE29AA21ACE0440003BADBDCAF]
  18. E-learning is an approach to facilitate and enhance learning through the use of devices based on both computer and communications technology, including personal computers, CD-ROMs, digital television, and more. ...[http://www.cmapros.com/glossary.php]
  19. Education via the Internet, network, or standalone computer. e-learning is essentially the network-enabled transfer of skills and knowledge. ...[http://www.simplymedia.com.au/hints-tips-glossary-def.htm]
  20. A key issue in pedagogy is individualization, ie, adapting the teaching to the needs of various learners. ...[http://coeur-sw.idi.ntnu.no/wp6.htm]
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  • A term used in a range of ways, but the most succinct definition is learning supported by technology. ...[http://www.syelp.org/wiki/index.php]
  • A method of instruction that is generally computer assisted and is delivered via CD/DVD ROM, audio, videotape or the internet. E-learning can be taught either synchronously (real-time interaction between instructor and student) or asyncronously (student can learn on their own time). [http://www.vcalberta.ca/tools/glossary/index.cfm]
  • the process of acquiring information through the use of electronic media eg computer-based instruction, CD-ROM based educational software, web-based instruction. [http://www.unescobkk.org/fileadmin/user_upload/ict/Teacher_Training_Workshops/Ninth_workshop/5-Glossary.ppt]
  • Sin embargo en todas estas definiciones hay un punto en común que es la entrega de un contenido, por medios digitales, con un propósito educativo.
    En este sentido en la misma Wikipedia se sintetiza: (E-learning has been defined as "pedagogy empowered by digital technology".(Nichols, M. (2008). E-Learning in context. [http://akoaotearoa.ac.nz/sites/default/files/ng/group-661/n877-1---e-learning-in-context.pdf]). Esta conceptualización intenta dejar clara la interrelación pedagogía tecnología.
    De acuerdo con ello puede definirse el E-Learning como un aprendizaje que utiliza de manera integrada y pertinente, sea de forma sincrónica o asincrónica, las Nuevas Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación para establecer un ambiente propicio para la construcción de una experiencia de aprendizaje mediante diferentes formas de comunicación entre el profesor y los alumnos
    Sin dudas esta definición como todas puede parecer clara a los que ya tienen alguna experiencia, bien como profesores o alumnos, en el E-Learning, pero seguirá siendo confusa a los que no tengan una percepción clara del papel de la tecnología en la educación.
    Confieso que me sigue asustando que en la Wikipedia en español aparezca el letrero de advertencia de desacuerdos en la neutralidad de los puntos de vista sobre este término,


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